Before the Renaissance, Europe could be divided into North and south. The southern faction is dominated by Italy, with Florence, Rome, Venice and Bologna as its branches. These schools basically focus on form, composition, ideal beauty and connotation. It’s usually for religious and rich people. The northern faction, mainly Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany, basically stresses color and realism, just like mirrors. In addition to painting for religion and rich people, this school also paints for small people, so it is more grounded. In the middle, France rises. From Cardinal Richelieu to Louis XIV and then to Louis XVI, it’s unique to have money and take in all the advantages of the north and the south. OK, let’s start. The founder of oil painting is the van Eyck brothers. They are from the north. Look at this picture. It’s so delicate in the 15th century. The reflection of the wood grain lamp on the clothes, the small animals are all painted fluffy. They’re all realistic. This kind of painting, we mainly praise their realism and detail sketch. Let’s call it Nordic mirror school.
But at that time, southerners looked down upon northerners. A small family. Italy pays attention to physical beauty. The composition is dignified. Gentle lines. It doesn’t matter if it’s not realistic. There are too many Italian painting schools. Ferrara, Rome and Siena are very trivial, only the main ones are to be found. OK, Florentine school. I think Rafael is the best. His painting is ideal beauty. We call it the Florentine idealist. By the way, Raphael has been working in Rome in the later period, so he can also be regarded as a Roman painter – the ox man, everyone has pulled him into their own pile. Roman painting school is more dignified, Rubens believes that there is architectural beauty. Let’s see. For example, the Madonna is dignified and stable, with the same structure as a pyramid. This is the beauty of structure and form.